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Yet London Socialist Democratic Federation candidates in polled fewer than 50 votes, and not until was a professed socialist elected to office, in this case to the London County Council. Moreover, despite rivalries, the different wings of the socialist movement also supplemented one another in employing electioneering and advocacy along parallel tracks, so that to some degree division enabled several groups to carry out useful complementary roles in the service of common goals.

Moreover, as anyone who has tried political organizing can testify, one can only accomplish so much with limited time and resources. In its four or five years of greatest activity, the Socialist League sponsored thousands of lectures, open-air meetings, public rallies, and other educational efforts; distributed many thousand pamphlets, leaflets, newspapers and books; reached out systematically to reformist and radical non-Socialist groups to convey a socialist alternative; and facilitated a socialist literature whose audience reached well into the next century.

Florence S. Boos, Florence.

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Dino Franco Felluga. Extension of Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net. No book-length study of the Socialist League has yet been written; such a history might give proper attention to its work in the provinces and the relation between provincial Socialist League branches and parliamentary campaigns. Another yet-unexplored topic is the influence on Commonweal of the strongly anti-imperialist views of left-Liberal Daily News editor Frank Harrison Hill, who was forced to leave his post in Collection ARCH Boos, Florence, ed.

Clayton, Joseph. London: Faber and Gwyer, Cole, George M.

Fabian Essays in Socialism

A History of Socialist Thought. London: Palgrave Macmillan, Hulse, John. Oxford: Clarendon P, McCarthy, Fiona. London: Faber and Faber, Miller, Elizabeth. Stanford: Stanford UP, Morris, William.

Second International

The Collected Letters of William Morris. Norman Kelvin. Princeton: Princeton UP, The Collected Works of William Morris. May Morris.

London: Longmans, The Tables Turned. Pamela Bracken Wiens. Athens: Ohio State UP, London: The Journeyman P, Pierson, Stanley. Ithaca: Cornell UP, Sargent, Lyman. Boos and Carole G. Columbia: U Missouri P, Thompson, E. William Morris: Romantic to Revolutionary. New York: Pantheon, Vaninskaya, Anna.

Capitalism and Socialism: Crash Course World History #33

Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, Clark, and John Lincoln Mahon. Joynes, Reginald Beckett, and C. Beckett, as well as translations by J. Hutchinson, eds. Stedman and Hutchinson, comps.

International Socialism: the End of an Era

Socialism the Path to a Despotic Government. What room for compromise is there here? There never was a revolution in history, since history told the story of the world, so complete as this. Nations have passed under the sway of conquerors; but an age or two brought back the rights of property and free management of their affairs to multitudes of the conquered.

Nations have been deported to distant settlements; but multitudes throve in the land of exile, or their descendants were restored to their properties in the old home. Is it conceivable that, with all the personal evils which stand at the very door of such a change in view, multitudes would succumb and compromise rather than risk their lives for an essential good and a sacred right, as they regard it, of themselves and their posterity?

As the issue in such a conflict is uncertain, so the form which the state, constructed on the ruins of private property, would assume would be uncertain, except so far as the industrial changes should require some special conformation of the government. We have, then, a problem to solve, when the social state is to be considered, which has to take some uncertain factors into account. But we have more right to speculate on this point than socialists themselves have; for our speculations can do little harm if they prove false, while theirs, if they prove false, may involve themselves and their countries in remediless ruin.

As for the inclinations and opinions of the socialists and communists, there is no question that, as a body, from the commencement of the French Revolution, both in France and elsewhere, they have leaned toward the principle of equality as the main foundation of a well-regulated state. But equality is a broad term, and the question at once arises how much must it include? Liberty and equality stand side by side in all the declarations of French political Utopias.

But it is evident that, if personal liberty has the breadth of rights which is conceded to it even in some arbitrary governments, equality of condition and inequality of situation, or of amount of worldly advantages, may be found together; so that a conflict must necessarily arise between the two, which cannot easily be adjusted.

Socialism since : a biographical history / James D. Young | National Library of Australia

Equality of condition, the absence of all ranks and orders, secured by constitutions, would be accepted by all socialists as a sine qua non, before the working class can be raised above the disadvantages which encounter them in modern society; but inequality of situation, some power by which the free action of an individual may enable him to rise above a general level, is clung to, in existing society, far more tenaciously than the proper democratic principle of equality in political rights and the sameness of condition throughout society.

The feeling of equality, then, is not confined to the equal diffusion of political rights; but it extends to material advantages. The world is not full enough and never will be full enough of material goods to satisfy all; and if the struggle for them were not checked by the social system, one would secure for himself more than another, if the state did not interpose. It is not to be denied that evils attend on the present system of unlimited power to gain wealth; but the point which we now make is that, in seeking to prevent these evils, the social theorists find it necessary to restrict the freedom of individuals, especially the power of rising by enterprise, soundness of judgment, unbounded energy, and other qualities, which not only aid the individual in his advancement, but contribute to the improvement of general society.

When the individual is confined by law and public institutions in his sphere of operations, society loses a great part of its force; and the state must acquire an equal or greater amount of force, or all the hopes of a community will be shipwrecked.